Biomechanics plays a critical role in the design and performance of modern orthopedic equipment.
FREMONT, CA: Orthopedic biomechanics is the study of the mechanical systems of the human body to improve the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal problems. It encompasses research into subjects such as improving knee replacement technology, evaluating the human body's response to car accidents, and monitoring bone injuries in athletes. This field is frequently interdisciplinary. Engineers, orthopedic surgeons, physical therapists, and other allied specialists interested in protecting and strengthening the skeleton and its connected tissues can contribute to research.
One aspect of orthopedic biomechanics is the examination of healthy skeletons and muscle systems to gain a better understanding of how the body functions and is constructed. This can be highly beneficial for researchers interested in the mechanism of damage since it can aid in developing injury prevention measures. For instance, understanding the function and anatomy of the spine can assist car engineers in developing more effective restraint systems that reduce the likelihood of significant spinal cord injuries during collisions. They use research from models, real patients, and crash tests to develop effective and safe injury prevention technologies.
Another area of study is the sickness or damage process in musculoskeletal structures. Orthopedic biomechanics researchers can investigate repetitive strain injuries, muscle tears produced by physical activity, and joint degradation over time due to aging. Their approach has the potential to prevent some injuries while also creating more effective therapies for others. For instance, Rotator cuff injuries in the shoulder are biomechanical injuries that can be addressed using orthopedic biomechanics research.
Advanced orthopedic therapies go beyond simply replacing or supporting old joints and bones with static implants. The research involves fully articulated artificial joints controlled by computers to perform load balancing and correction tasks. This enables the development of prosthetics suitable for competitive running or hip joints that are safer for older persons. Orthopedic biomechanics also examines approaches for monitoring skeletal structures internally to improve the quality of care, such as sensors placed in bones.
Numerous chances for study in this topic exist in colleges, universities, and private institutions. Particular sorts of work may require a graduate degree. Some individuals approach orthopedic biomechanics with a medical background, while others may have engineering or computer science backgrounds. Collaboration is critical, as much of the research used to improve patient care requires input from a range of experts in many fields.