VR and Simulation Driving a Revolution in Medical Education and Surgery
By MedTech Outlook | Thursday, February 28, 2019
Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) are two contemporary simulation models that are currently transforming healthcare, especially medical education and operation. Virtual reality, visualization, and simulation technologies are ideal learning opportunities for surgical education and training. Continuing improvements in this realm propose a significant future role for virtual reality and simulation in surgical education and training. The advent in this field is creating a novel environment for residents to learn manual skills without compromising on patient safety. It also holds the promise of delivering a useful educational tool for healthcare professionals to hone their surgical skills and for surgeons to rehearse specific segments of the surgery before the actual scenario.
Although every step of surgical practice is being supervised and scrutinized, volunteers are unlikely to be forthcoming. For the health care professionals to improve they should spend more time and more training in operation room scenarios. Familiarizing themselves with the scalpels, drills, and saws is crucial in life as a surgeon because familiarity with these items leads to a surgeon’s confidence and competence.
Simulation and VR technologies give healthcare professionals an immersive learning experience that enables them to learn and make an error without severe consequences. Skills can be honed quicker than through watching demonstrations and procedures and can get hands-on experience quickly. All simulators in the market today have life-like tools so that the surgeon can get used to handling them. Some providers deliver realistic 3D environments training in open surgery, allowing users to perform a varied range of procedures. Simulators providing a platform can also give instructions and feedback.
The advantages of simulations are not only available for training surgeons but also gives experienced surgeons the opportunity to practice complex surgeries before the event. They can choose to exercise with or without guidance, enabling them to either receive instructions during a surgical procedure.
Visualization and mapping is another benefit of using VR pre-surgical phase. It enables surgeons to transform two-dimensional scans into high-resolution 3D models. Using VR headsets, these models can be manipulated to observe from any angle that gives the surgeon a considerable advantage in planning difficult procedures.
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The present methods of using cadavers or plastic models are currently seen as a lower-cost alternative for training than simulation systems. The reuse value is the benefit of a simulator. From a cost perspective, the fact that a simulator can be set up for many different procedures is massively advantageous. The technology is undoubtedly amazing, but adoption stands out as the most significant challenge for using simulators.