Robotics help surgeons deliver real-time data points on the surgeon's movements during a challenging surgery.
FREMONT, CA: Over the past decade, minimally invasive technologies have enabled doctors to perform many spine surgeries as outpatient procedures, which were previously performed in the hospital to be performed.Recently, advances in surgical technology have altered how surgeons approach spine procedures. Robotics, endoscopy, and augmented reality technologies are expected to play a larger role in the specialty as outpatient migration continues to accelerate during the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, artificial disc replacement innovations have demonstrated superior outcomes in treating cervical spine pathologies, which will likely result in more surgeons choosing arthroplasty over fusion in the future.
Rapid technological advancements in recent years have also resulted in exciting discoveries and avenues in the field of spine surgery. The prompt adoption of mobile devices and applications has demonstrated promise in improving patient adherence to post-operative rehabilitation and medication regimens, resulting in improved surgical outcomes. The benefits of 3D printing in spine surgery implants manufacturing enables the creation of customized and patient-specific templates and guides, which aligns with the growing popularity of personalized medicine. Apart from the da Vinci robotic system, new robotic systems developed for spinal procedures may improve the precision of surgical techniques such as pedicle screw placement.
Intraoperative surgical techniques have improved due to innovation in surgical instruments, optics, and approaches. Endoscopic surgery is one such technique that allows for minimally invasive decompression, potentially resulting in increased patient safety. Advanced anesthetic protocols used in conjunction with lumbar fusion without general endotracheal anesthesia represent a promising method of achieving conscious sedation, improving patient outcomes, and preventing early post-operative complications. Other advancements in surgical agents and medications, such as tranexamic acid and orthobiologics, may help reduce intraoperative blood loss and increase fusion rates, respectively. Virtual and augmented reality advancements may also aid trainee education and intraoperative visualization during surgery.
Artificial intelligence (AI) improves the precision and accuracy of surgical procedures such as spinal surgeries. With real-time data points on the surgeon's activities, robots help doctors understand what is happening during a challenging surgery.
AI enhances the value of cutting-edge spine care by improving the quality and lowering patient costs. The precision of robotic-assisted surgery protects the surrounding soft tissues more effectively, preserving healthy bone while accurately and safely inserting spinal implants with high precision placements to protect vital structures such as nerves.
AI has significant potential to improve surgical execution and patient-reported outcomes. Robotic spinal surgery causes less surgical trauma and results in fewer complaints of pain and complications and reduced blood loss and surgery time. Patients return to their daily lives more quickly, which results in increased patient satisfaction.