Advancements in medical techniques and technology have changed how wounds are treated to ensure faster wound healing and less complications. As the future of wound care arrives, here are a few methods to take care of wounds:
• Hypoallergenic plasters: An allergic reaction to plasters could be due to the glue or colophony that causes dermatitis. Colophony is a component of several products like cosmetics, lacquers, adhesives, insulators and printing ink. Dermatitis due to allergic contact can be prevented with hypoallergenic plasters that are specially designed to reduce the reaction to colophony.
• Antibacterial silver: As the toxicity of silver to human cells is far lower than to bacteria, its antibacterial property is now being used in wound care. The use of silver technology has a broad-spectrum antibacterial effect and lowers the risk of infection. Antibacterial silver plasters can also be used on wounds that have high chances of getting infected, like dirty abrasion wounds or wounds suffered by a diabetic person.
• Silicone plasters: Removing a traditional plaster strips the skin of epidermal cells and hair, which causes pain. This struggle has been combated by silicone plasters, where traditional adhesives are replaced by the softer and gentler silicone.
• Fluorescent plasters: Researchers at the university of Bath, under the leadership of Dr. Toby Jenkins, have developed a type of dressing which alerts doctors if a wound starts getting infected, without taking it off. This dressing releases small dots of a fluorescent dye when a wound becomes infected, which draws the attention of medical professionals. A prototype of this dressing is being tested by the university, and is expected to reach the market by 2020.
• Spray on plasters: People or families prone to getting frequent cuts and scrapes might have just found their new savior—the plaster spray. It serves as an alternative to the traditional plaster and is a film-like substance that can be sprayed on wounds to provide instant protection against germs and dirt. Spray-on plasters are already available in some countries, where they are used for small wounds, cuts and grazes and the like. For severe cases, like heavily bleeding cuts, it is safer to opt for a traditional plaster and disinfectant, which can fully cover and protect the wound.
However, these revolutionary wound care methods are still being tested at present. Until they become commonplace and make space for themselves in medical cabinets, we need to clean, protect and disinfect wounds to ensure faster healing.