The incorporation of robotic surgery will enable healthcare organizations to bring greater accuracy and precision into minimally invasive procedures.
FREMONT, CA: Robotic surgery is one of the greatest innovations in the healthcare sector without question. Their contributions in marketing the technological excellence of healthcare centers have been as vast as their role in establishing minimally invasive surgery techniques. The integration of robots in the operating room promises a significant reduction in human errors caused by fatigue.
The main barrier to the adoption of robotics equipment in the operation room is the high cost and the sophistication of the operation. The incorporation of robotic technology can help surgeons perform minimally invasive surgeries with greater precision, enabling patients to recover quickly and easily as compared to conventional procedures. According to the research by Markets and Markets, the global market for surgical robots will likely experience a compound annual growth rate of 10.4 percent, rising from $3.9 billion in the year 2018 to $6.5 billion by the year 2023.
Surgical robots are computer-controlled devices programmed to assist surgeons in precise positioning and manipulation of surgical instruments. It enables them to perform complex tasks with ease. The surgical robots in the current medical market are not designed to replace human surgeons. Rather, they act as remote extensions controlled by the surgeons.
The user interface of the robotic device offers a three-dimensional view of the surgical field for surgeons, leveraging an endoscopic camera to enhance the visibility. The master manipulators, including handles and joysticks, can be used to make precise surgical robotics movements, which can be translated to the secondary manipulators docked to the patient. Motion scaling technology can be used to convert large natural movements to ultraprecise micromovements. It can filter the tremors and enhance the precision of the surgeon’s movements.
The control panel of the robotic units is used to focus the camera, scale the motions, and control the accessory units. The robotic arms can manipulate the surgical instruments and the camera through laparoscopic ports connected to the patient. The capabilities of surgical robots enhance dexterity, hand-eye coordination, ergonomic position, and visualization.
The robotic systems have high degrees of freedom, which significantly enhances the ability of the surgeon to operate with ease. They are designed to suppress the slight tremors in the surgeon’s hands through robust hardware and software dampers. By facilitating good hand-eye coordination, the units can eliminate the fulcrum effect, making the manipulation of instruments more intuitive.
The enhanced vision offered by the surgical robots comprises a three-dimensional view with depth perception, which is a significant improvement over the laparoscopic camera views. It augments the ability of the surgeon to control a stable visual field with enhanced magnification and maneuverability. It not only creates high-resolution images but also enables surgeons to dissect anatomic structures with relative ease.
Robotic surgery addresses the challenges associated with laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery, facilitating the successful completion of sophisticated and advanced surgical procedures. It eliminates the need for surgeons to make awkward hand movements during the operation. It allows the surgeon to be seated at the robotic console, reducing their physical burden. The three-dimensional view offered by the robot augments the depth of perception for the surgeon, who can manipulate the visibility through voice-controlled or manual master controls.
Healthcare organizations are increasingly incorporating surgical robots. Even though it is rapidly developing, the technology is yet to achieve its full potential. One of the most challenging aspects of robotic integration is cost-effectiveness. The cost of robotic surgeries is very high when compared to conventional operations. However, the increasing innovations and incorporations will potentially contribute to greater affordability.
Even though robotic technology is still in its infancy, the development of surgical robots will significantly enhance healthcare. It will pave the way for higher precision and safety in the operating rooms. The incorporation of telerobotic surgery will enable the delivery of robust surgical care to patients without access to surgeons. The integration of emerging technologies such as virtual reality (VR), haptics, and telementoring with robotics will bring greater autonomy and accuracy to the surgical procedures.