Ethical Concerns Raised by AI in Healthcare
By MedTech Outlook | Wednesday, June 05, 2019
FREMONT, CA: For the past few years, artificial intelligence (AI) has demonstrated a tremendous capacity to improve the forefront of the healthcare sector. As AI includes machine learning, robotics, and natural language processing so it can be applied to an extensive number of healthcare steps. For instance, an AI-powered diagnostic platform possesses the ability to detect skin cancer more quickly and accurately than a certified dermatologist. The efficient use of image analysis by AI can flag out specific abnormalities and detect micro anomalies that assist doctors to select the best possible treatment methods. With the specificity and efficiency of machine learning, the surgeons are threatened with the idea of AI potentially substituting their roles. However, the powerful AI technology ignores the crucial ethical measurements required to treat a patient physically and psychologically.
The negligence of ethical manners can cause a formidable effect on the patient's preference, safety, and privacy. The insertion of algorithms by healthcare companies and developers of ethical parameters that are even hard to detect at a human level will take a long time. The motives of machines may not align with the physicians, as business enterprises with a profit-minded motto create most of the droids. To tackle the ethical dilemmas, a detailed discussion between the management board and the doctors and surgeons is very necessary. Last year in June, the American Medical Association (AMA) developed the first set of guidelines for regulating the use of AI in the healthcare sector. The most exigent concerns raised by the diversion of physicians and machines were the patients’ privacy and confidentiality.
AI is providing widespread ramifications of medical practices and is further revolutionizing patient-physician daily interactions. Business experts predict that by 2024, healthcare AI will be around $20 billion with augmented tools, virtual assistants, and automated medical record investigators. Although the technical ability of an AI has reached stratospheric heights the understanding of ethical guideline by digitally augmented brains are yet to cover a long road. With the upcoming novel set of difficulties, it is highly unlikely for AI to replace human surgeons in the near future.