Nanotechnology is a rapidly expanding area of research with massive potential in many sectors ranging from healthcare to construction, and electronics.
FREMONT, CA: In the field of medicine, nanotechnology has revolutionized drug delivery, gene therapy, diagnostics, and various other areas of research, development and clinical application. Nanotechnology is a leading technology in medicine, bettering the potential of nanotechnology to target specific cells or tissues is a popular area of interest for the companies producing nanomedicines. Numerous registered clinical trials are in progress and involve nanotechnology; many of these studies are related to oncology and other therapy areas such as autoimmune diseases, anti-fungal agents and rare diseases. Playing a significant role in the transformation of medicine, identifying the trends in nanotechnology industry is essential.
The area of medicinal research involves attaching nanoparticles into drugs or liposomes to enhance specific localization. Different cell types have remarkable properties, and nanotechnology can be used to “recognize” cells of interest. This method enables associated drugs and therapeutics to reach diseased tissue while bypassing healthy cells.
Controlled Drug Release
The capability to control the discharge of a drug or therapeutic compound from its associated nanotechnology is benefitting a lot of interest from the industry. This triggered release can be gained from inside the body or from outside the body. The internal system consists of changes in the ecosystem of tumours in comparison with the surrounding tissues, while external stimuli comprise temperature change, ultrasound, or light. At present, the research efforts are dedicated to trying to understand how to release diagnostic molecules and drugs from liposomes with heat, and microbubbles using ultrasound.
Understanding Varied Patient Populations
Generally, there is a need for a better understanding of what makes patients distinctive from each other in terms of lack of ubiquitous drug efficacy. This raises a question, why nanotechnologies are not always able to improve the therapeutic output of drugs for an individual patient. Understanding the behaviour of nanomedicines when encountering different physiological characteristics of the patients and their disease states is significant.
Production of Nanomedicine
When compared to standard drug compounds, synthesizing and producing nanomedicine is primarily believed to be more complicated. In a few cases, this can limit the potential of drug manufacturers or pharmaceutical companies to deliver large quantities of nanomedicines. Not addressing the issues related to production may make the companies less interested in investing resources in this industry.