The Non-invasive Ventilation can benefit the patients and the healthcare sector because it improves survival chances and reduces hospital stays.
FREMONT, CA: The ventilator is a type of machine which helps to deliver oxygen in the lungs. It is utilized as assistance for breathing when the patients cannot breathe on their own. Usually, the ventilator is connected with the nose with the help of a pipe-like structure, and this procedure of assisted breathing is called mechanical ventilation. Here are the two types of ventilation.
Invasive ventilation is a type of ventilation where an endotracheal tube or tracheostomy tube is inserted into the nose or throat that goes into the windpipe to deliver oxygen.
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is utilized to administer the ventilatory support without using an invasive artificial airway like (endotracheal tube or tracheostomy tube).
When is non-invasive ventilation necessary?
The non-invasive ventilation is necessary when the patients cannot breathe properly, such as:
• Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)- It is a long-term disease such as emphysema and bronchitis. There is excessive coughing in such type of infection that can increase the respiratory rate and cause difficulty breathing.
• Cardiogenic pulmonary edema- It causes fluid to build-up in the lungs owing to cardiac disease.
• Weakness in respiratory muscle
• Sleep apnea, which is a cessation of breathing in sleep
• Ventilator-associated pneumonia
• COVID-19- non-invasive ventilation is utilized for patients who have severe COVID symptoms.
What are the benefits of non-invasive ventilation?
Utilizing non-invasive ventilation can offer several advantages to the patients and also to the healthcare sector.
• Decreases the requirement of endotracheal intubation or a tracheotomy by avoiding the difficulties
• Enhances the chances of survival
• The patient can resume various activities like eating, taking medicine, and talking. The patients will not require supervision from the hospital.
• Decreases the chance of infections
• Reduces the hospital stay
• Minimizes the work pressure on longs
The types of non-invasive ventilation
There are two categories of non-invasive ventilation:
• It helps to push the air into the lungs
• There are two types of positive ventilation which are utilized in the sleep apnea. They are Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and Bilevel Positive Pressure
• The doctor will be deciding which is more suitable for the patient
• It helps to suck the air into the lungs by extending and contracting the chest with a device that can wrap around the chest.
• Nowadays, the procedure of ventilation is not popularly used.