A PICC line is a special catheter embedded into a vein in the upper arm, similar to an IV, but it remains in place for a longer period of time than a normal IV.
FREMONT, CA : Intravenous Lines (IVs) and urinary catheters are invasive instruments that may be used to treat sick people. They're used in almost every healthcare facility, and they're even used at home. People who use them often take them for granted as well. Unfortunately, infection is a risk if an invasive device is used, including Healthcare-Acquired Infections (HAIs), which may lead to sepsis. An invasive device is any medical tool that is inserted into the body, either through a break in the skin or via an opening in the body. Invasive devices include the following:
Urinary catheters are rubber or silicone tubes that are inserted through the urethra and into the bladder. When the catheter is in the bladder, a tiny balloon at the top of the catheter is inflated to prevent it from slipping back out. The urine drains through a bag attached to the other end of the catheter. A doctor can sometimes order a one-time catheterization. The catheter is only inserted for a short time to enable the urine to escape from the bladder before being removed. This one-time catheter use is less likely to cause infection, but it is more inconvenient for patients if their doctors need to collect and weigh all of the urine.
A PICC line is a special catheter embedded into a vein in the upper arm, similar to an IV, but it remains in place for a longer period of time than a normal IV. A PICC line is a long tube that extends nearly to the heart, to veins known as central veins. With a PICC line, patients can take treatments such as an extended course of antibiotics or chemotherapy without having to restart the IVs. Patients with a PICC line may also go home and begin their care at home. When the antibiotics or other medications are done, the line is cut. A PICC line can also be used to administer medications to ICU patients to help keep their blood pressure in check.
IVs are tubes that inject fluids, drugs, and blood products directly into the veins. A small narrow catheter (hollow tube) is injected into a vein in the hand or lower arm, most often in the hand. This catheter is connected to plastic tubing, which is connected to a fluid container. In certain situations, the catheter isn't directly connected to tubing and is instead covered with a cap. The cap is eliminated, and the tubing is attached if one requires IV fluid or medicine later.